Physical Geography

Earth Science

The Causes Of Earthquakes


Parent / Teacher Guide


To explain the causes of earthquakes

To introduce the terminology used in the study of earthquakes

To explain the different types of shock waves created by earthquakes



The student should learn about:

(a) The two main causes of earthquakes; Tectonic and Volcanic activity;

(b) The meanings of focus, epicentre, P,S and L Waves, foreshocks and aftershocks;

(c) About the Elastic Rebound Theory;

(d) About the scales used to measure earthquake intensity ;



The student should have knowledge and understanding of:

(a) The origins of earthquakes;

(b) How shockwaves travel through the Earth;

(c) How earthquakes are measured;

(d) The terminology needed to talk about and describe an earthquake.

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